"Defining the Gary Zone ChallengeGary zone security challenges, existing short of a formal state of war, present novel complications for U.S. policy and interests in the 21st Century. We have well-developed vocabularies, doctrines, and mental models to describe war and peace, but the numerous gray zone challenges in between defy easy categorization. For purposes of this paper, gray zone challenges are defined as competitive interactions among and within state and non-state actors that fall between the traditional war and peace duality. They are characterized by ambiguity about the nature of conflict, opacity of the parties involved or uncertainty about the relevant policy and legal frameworks.Gray zone challenges can be understood as a pooling of diverse conflicts exhibiting common characteristics. Notably, combining these challenges does not imply a single solution, since each situation contains unique actors and aspects. Overall, gray zone challenges rise above normal. everyday peacetime geo-political competition and are aggressive, perspective-dependent, and ambiguous."
•Modify the Type of Government–NPA, FARC, Shining Path, Iranian Revolution, FMLN, Karen National Liberation Army•Identity or Ethnic Issues–LTTE, PLO, Hutu-Tutsi Genocides, Kosovo Liberation Army, PIRA•Drive out Foreign Power–Afghan Mujahidin, Vietcong, Chechen Revolution, Hizbollah, Hizbol Mujahedeen•Religious Fundamentalism–Egyptian Islamic Jihad, Taliban, Al Qaeda•Modernization or Reform–Niger Delta (MEND), Revolution United Front (RUF), Orange Revolution, Solidarity