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Table of Contents
Opinion: Unsustainable Peace in Mali 5
Whit Miller argues that regional pressures will break the ceasefire signed between the
Malian government and the Tuareg rebels.
Reevaluating U.S. Defense Conversion Assistance to Russia 9
Lisa Bergstrom analyzes post-Cold War U.S. defense conversion assistance to Russia.
The article shows that, while defense conversion has economic, political, and social
benefits, and may even promote the peaceful resolutions of conflicts, the Department
of Defense approach to conversion assistance was flawed and unsustainable. The article
concludes that, if the United States provides defense conversion assistance to other
overly militarized states, Washington should adopt a less centrally-managed approach.
Morality in Intelligence Practice 19
Natasia Kalajdziovski analyzes morality in domestic counterterrorism intelligence
activities through a historical analysis of the moral questions encountered by the
British intelligence services throughout the Troubles in Northern Ireland. This case
study highlights three important considerations: the complexity of the threatscape as it
emerged, the length of the conflict and its many phases, and the level of public scrutiny
for the security establishment as the conflict protracted. The article concludes that,
with proper oversight and review mechanisms, domestic intelligence requires a
“different morality” than what exists in civilian life.
Evolving Civil-Military Relations 29
Faiqa Mahmood analyzes the role of the Egyptian military in politics and considers how
civil-military relations may be improved. This article traces the historical development
of civil-military relations in Egypt and then compares the situation in Egypt with those
of Turkey and Pakistan. The analysis demonstrates that, while the militaries of neither
Turkey nor Pakistan can boast the levels of civilian control present in some Western
governments, Egypt can still draw lessons from the evolutionary paths of both
Winning Minds: The Role of Education in Securing Afghanistan 45
Elizabeth Royall questions the effectiveness of education in the counterinsurgency
effort in Afghanistan. Both the Coalition and the Taliban claimed a correlation
between Afghan education and their strategic goals. This article addresses whether
Afghan education content and provision affect security. It reviews the history of
education in Afghanistan, examines the Taliban’s evolving view of education, and
analyzes existing metrics of security and education.