Saturday, June 28, 2014

Army Irregular Warfare Center prepares to stand down

For those who think that the need to study insurgency (and revolutionary warfare or irregular warfare) is no longer necessary, I would call your attention to the project by the Special Operations Research Office (SORO) and American University in 1962 and USASOC and Johns Hopkins in 2009 on the ARIS project (Assessing Revolution and Insurgent Strategies).  Below are the 46 case studies
 23 in Volume I (1962) and 23 in Volume II (2009) in the Casebook
 on Insurgency and Revolutionary Warfare.  Note that
 case studies are only illustrative and not a comprehensive list of all the insurgencies and revolutions that have occurred.  They were chosen because they are worthy of study to prepare for likely similar events in the future. 
 Note the five categories defined in Vol II below.

Both casebooks and other important references can be downloaded at this link:
   (also linked on the left side of this page under Research and News Links with the title Assessing Revolutionary and Insurgent Strategies)

Table 1: Contents of Volume I published in 1962

I. Southeast Asia

1. The Revolution in Vietnam: 1946–1954

2. The Indonesian Rebellion: 1945–1949

3. The Revolution in Malaya: 1948–1957

II. Latin America

4. The Guatemalan Revolution of 1944

5. The Venezuelan Revolution of 1945

6. The Argentine Revolution of June 1943

7. The Bolivian Revolution of 1952

8. The Cuban Revolution: 1953–1959

III. North Africa

9. The Tunisian Revolution: 1950–1954

10. The Algerian Revolution: 1954–1962

IV. Africa South of the Sahara

11. The Revolution in French Cameroun:


12. The Congolese Coup of 1960

V. Middle East

13. The Iraqi Coup of 1936

14. The Egyptian Coup of 1952

15. The Iranian Coup of 1953

16. The Iraqi Coup of 1958

17. The Sudan Coup of 1958

VI. Far East

18. The Korean Revolution of 1960

19. The Chinese Communist Revolution:


VII. Europe

20. The German Revolution of 1933

21. The Spanish Revolution of 1936

22. The Hungarian Revolution of 1956

23. The Czechoslovakian Coup of 1948

Volume II, 1962-2009

The first section deals with revolutions that desire to greatly modify the type of government. They include:

1. New People’s Army (NPA)

2. Fuerzas Armada Revolucionarias de Colombia (FARC)

3. Sendero Luminoso (Shining Path)

4. 1979 Iranian Revolution

5. Frente Farabundo Martí para la Liberación Nacional


6. Karen National Liberation Army (KNLA)

The second section describes revolutions where identity or ethnic  issues are prime motivations for the warfare:

7. Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE)

8. Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO)

9. Hutu-Tutsi genocides

10. Kosovo Liberation Army (KLA)

11. Provisional Irish Republican Army (PIRA)

The desire to drive out a foreign power from their area constitutes the third section, with the cases:

12. Afghan Mujahidin

13. Vietcong

14. Chechen Revolution

15. Hizbollah

16. Hizbul Mujahedeen

The fourth section deals with the pressing rise of revolutions based upon religious fundamentalism:

17. Egyptian Islamic Jihad (EIJ)

18. Taliban

19. Al Qaeda

The last section covers issues of modernization or reform, including:

20. Movement for the Emancipation of the Niger Delta (MEND)

21. Revolutionary United Front (RUF)

22. Orange Revolution of Ukraine

23. Solidarity

Army Irregular Warfare Center prepares to stand down

By Bill Ackerly | Mission Command Center of Excellence Public Affairs 
Posted Jun. 26, 2014 @ 12:35 pm 

Since its beginning in 2006, the Army Irregular Warfare Center, originally the Counterinsurgency Center, has prepared more than 40 brigade combat teams, as well division and corps headquarters, for COIN operations in Iraq and Afghanistan. AIWC also conducted more than 50 irregular warfare webcasts for the community of interest and deploying soldiers.
Beginning Oct. 1, AIWC’s critical tasks and responsibilities will transition to other Army organizations as resources and priorities are realigned.
In recognizing AIWC’s numerous accomplishments during the last eight years, Maj. Gen. Thomas S. James Jr., director of the Mission Command Center of Excellence, said, “AIWC was the driving force that led to the analysis, development and integration of irregular warfare-related concepts, doctrine, training, leadership and education, ensuring the lessons we’ve learned permeate across the Army now through 2025 and beyond.”
The COIN Center was established in July 2006 by then-Commanding General of the Combined Arms Center and Fort Leavenworth, Lt. Gen. David Petraeus, in conjunction with Marine Corps Deputy Commandant Lt. Gen. James Mattis. The COIN Center was designated in September 2010 as the Army’s focal point for irregular warfare and transitioned to its current organization as the AIWC.
AIWC was established with an initial heavy emphasis on providing first-rate, near real-time support to units preparing for combat. It quickly developed a flexible five-day COIN seminar for BCTs deploying to Iraq and Afghanistan. In addition, AIWC leveraged the experience and insights of combat veterans to ensure relevancy of seminar content for deploying war-fighting units. The result was an interactive seminar model that was so successful it was requested by III Corps, V Corps and XVIII Airborne Corps, as well as non-deploying units.
AIWC’s primary responsibilities included developing doctrine; coordinating, analyzing and integrating irregular warfare doctrine, organization, training, materiel, leadership and education, personnel and facilities solutions across the Army; advising training centers and other programs; integrating COIN doctrine into training and education; and conducting outreach to the COIN community of interest.
In addition to its seminars and webcasts, other AIWC significant contributions since 2006 included facilitating the re-write of Field Manual 3-24, “Insurgencies and Countering Insurgencies,” writing six Army techniques publications, and collaborating irregular warfare issues with military partners, such as France, Iraq, Great Britain, Canada, Germany, Italy, Turkey, Pakistan, Thailand, Singapore, Afghanistan and India.
AIWC has provided irregular warfare support and expertise through guest lecturers/facilitators at civilian and academic seminars, conferences and workshops, including the Center for the Study of Interagency Cooperation, Global Center for Security Cooperation, U.S. Institute of Peace and International Development, Center for Strategic and International Studies, Kansas State University, University of Kansas, the National Defense University and Massey University, New Zealand.
AIWC Director Col. Gus Benton II said, “As a SOF (special operations force) practitioner, it’s readily clear that the value of AIWC to the Army goes far beyond the number of events supported; the value is truly drawn from the numerous enlightening anecdotes offered by individual Army leaders up to corps commanders as to how their forces were shaped and prepared to operate successfully within complex COIN environments.”
Page 2 of 2 - As the COIN Center’s first director in 2006, retired Col. Pete Mansoor, said, the mission of the COIN Center was “to think about how we can change our organization (the Army); integrate new technologies; come up with better tactics, techniques and procedures; how to better train our doctrine; and understand the culture, languages and skills that we need to counter insurgency.”
And that is precisely what today’s AIWC has been doing ever since.

No comments:

Post a Comment

Eight Points of Special Warfare

Eight Points of Special Warfare: Special Warfare is the execution of activities that involve a combination of lethal and nonlethal ac...