Sunday, January 12, 2014

U.S., China discussed contingencies in N. Korea: report

We have been trying to discuss contingency issues since at least 1997 that I am personally aware of.  

I think the report Yonhap is referring to is the one "China and Proliferation of Weapons of Mass  Destruction and Missiles: Policy Issues"  at this link:

 http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/nuke/RL31555.pdf  (I have pasted the table of contents of the report below the Yonhap Article)

There is a paragraph on page 26 that quotes Kurt Campbell as "acknowledging talks about 'every' aspect" with the Chinese.  No more detail than that.

This 76 page report contains a lot of information about a wide range of security issues such proliferation to include the A.Q. Khan network and Syria as well.

U.S., China discussed contingencies in N. Korea: report

2014/01/13 07:40
By Lee Chi-dong
WASHINGTON, Jan. 12 (Yonhap) -- The United States and China had discussions on the possibility of a regime collapse in North Korea and other contingencies well before the death of former North Korean leader Kim Jong-il, according to a U.S. congressional report.
But it remains unconfirmed whether the two global powers are continuing such sensitive consultations.
"When asked on Oct. 4, 2009, whether the United States and China discussed contingencies in North Korea, (then) Assistant Secretary of State Kurt Campbell acknowledged talks about "every" aspect," the Congressional Research Service, a think tank affiliated with the U.S. Congress, said in a recent report. It did not elaborate.
Washington and Beijing are working together for the denuclearization of North Korea but talking formally on contingencies in Pyongyang is apparently tabooed. China is North Korea's largest benefactor and top communist ally.
Since North Korea purged and executed Jang Song-thaek, the uncle of leader Kim Jong-un, regional powers have faced increasing calls for drawing up concrete contingency plans on the communist regime. Jang was known as a regent for Kim who took power shortly after the death of his father in December 2011.
South Korea and the U.S. emphasize the importance of China's support in dealing with North Korea issues.
"We share the view that it is important to keep China and other related parties closely engaged to achieve substantial progress in the denuclearization of North Korea," South Korean Foreign Minister Yun Byung-se told reporters here after talks with U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry last week.
"In this regard, we agreed to place this issue at the top of our agenda so that we can better cope with the increasing volatility of the nuclear issue arising from the evolving political situation in North Korea," Yun added.
A senior South Korean official said later that Seoul and Washington will deepen consultations on every possibility that could happen in North Korea. China would be welcome in the talks, the official said.
The CRS quoted a Peking University professor well versed in China's policies as saying, "Beijing would not accept an implosion in Pyongyang or watch passively if other countries gain political and military control in North Korea."

   lcd@yna.co.kr
(END)

 

Congressional Research Service 
Contents 
Purpose and Scope ........................................................................................................................... 1 
PRC Proliferation Challenges .......................................................................................................... 1 
Partial Nonproliferation Commitments ..................................................................................... 1 
Continuing Concerns and Intelligence Report ........................................................................... 2 
Nuclear Technology Sales to Pakistan ....................................................................................... 3 
Overview ............................................................................................................................. 3 
Nuclear Cooperation ........................................................................................................... 3 
A. Q. Khan’s Nuclear Network ........................................................................................... 5 
Missile Technology Sales to Pakistan ........................................................................................ 6 
Overview ............................................................................................................................. 6 
Nuclear Technology Sales to Iran .............................................................................................. 7 
Overview and Policy Approaches ....................................................................................... 7 
Uranium Enrichment ........................................................................................................... 8 
Dual Approach and Energy-related Oil and Gas Deals ....................................................... 9 
UNSC Resolutions and Sanctions ..................................................................................... 14 
Missile Technology Sales to Iran ............................................................................................. 18 
Overview ........................................................................................................................... 18 
Obama Administration ...................................................................................................... 19 
North Korea’s Missile and Nuclear Weapons Programs.......................................................... 19 
Suspected Missile Supplies ............................................................................................... 19 
Secret Nuclear Programs ................................................................................................... 21 
PRC Border, Ports, and Airspace ...................................................................................... 22 
PRC-DPRK Military Relationship .................................................................................... 24 
Trilateral and Six-Party Talks in Beijing ........................................................................... 26 
Missile Technology Sales to Syria ........................................................................................... 50 
Policy Issues and Options .............................................................................................................. 50 
Issues for Policy ...................................................................................................................... 50 
Debate ............................................................................................................................... 51 
The PRC Government’s Role ............................................................................................ 51 
Foreign and Defense Policies .................................................................................................. 52 
Summits ............................................................................................................................. 52 
Counter-Terrorism Campaign ............................................................................................ 53 
Missile Defense ................................................................................................................. 53 
Proliferation Security Initiative (PSI) and 9/11 Commission ............................................ 53 
Export Control Assistance ................................................................................................. 54 
Linkage to the Taiwan Question ........................................................................................ 54 
Economic Controls .................................................................................................................. 55 
Satellite Exports ................................................................................................................ 55 
Sanctions and the “Helms Amendment” ........................................................................... 56 
Capital Markets ................................................................................................................. 58 
Nuclear Cooperation and U.S. Export of Reactors ........................................................... 59 
U.S. Import Controls ......................................................................................................... 60 
U.S. Export Controls ......................................................................................................... 60 
Nonproliferation and Arms Control ......................................................................................... 60 
Nonproliferation Regimes (MTCR, NSG, etc.) ................................................................. 60 
CTBT, Fissile Materials, and Nuclear Security ................................................................. 62

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